- Ph.D., Massachusetts Institute of Technology, 1983
- M.S., in Electrical Engineering, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, 1981
- B.S., in Electrical Engineering and Computer Science, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, 1979
Professor of Electrical and Computer Engineering
Associated Faculty in Physics
My research group focuses primarily on the physics of semiconductors, with an emphasis on their electronic properties. Our work involves the growth of Gallium Arsenide/Aluminum Gallium Arsenide (GaAs/AlGaAs) heterostructures by molecular beam epitaxy, and studies of ballistic and quantum transport in these structures. Of particular interest are the many-body phenomena observed in these low-dimensional structures at low temperatures and high magnetic fields.
Our research includes the fabrication, via molecular-beam epitaxy followed by various lithography techniques, of very clean (low-disorder) quantum-confined carrier systems, as well as measurements of their electronic transport properties. The systems we are studying, namely novel, high-quality, quasi-two-dimensional electron and hole systems in selectively doped GaAs/AlGaAs heterojunction structures, are among the cleanest carrier systems available. In these structures, the mobile carriers are spatially separated from the dopant (impurity) atoms to minimize scattering. As a result, the mean-free-path of carriers at low temperatures reaches several microns, allowing us to study ballistic and phase-coherent transport. Such structures also provide a crucial and important test bed for new many-body physics, since the dominant interaction at low temperatures is the repulsion between the electrons themselves.
In our work, we study ballistic and phase-coherent transport, as well as many-body phenomena in a variety of structures such as superlattices, density-modulated systems, wide parabolic quantum wells, quantum wires and dots, and single- and multilayer electron and hole systems.
- Md. Shafayat Hossain, Tongzhou Zhao, Songyang Pu, M. A. Mueed, M. K. Ma, K. A. V. Rosales, Y. J. Chung, L. N. Pfeiffer, K. W. West, K. W. Baldwin, J. K. Jain, and M. Shayegan, “Bloch Ferromagnetism of Composite Fermions,” Nature Physics 17, 48 (2021).
- K. A. Villegas Rosales, S. K. Singh, Meng K. Ma, Shafayat M. Hossain, Y. J. Chung, L. N. Pfeiffer, K. W. West, K. W. Baldwin, and M. Shayegan, “Competition between Fractional Quantum Hall Liquid and Wigner Solid at Small Fillings: Role of Layer Thickness and Landau level Mixing,” Phys. Rev. Research 3, 013181 (2021).
- Yoon Jang Chung, K. A. Villegas-Rosales, K. W. Baldwin, P. T. Madathil, K. W. West, M. Shayegan, and L. N. Pfeiffer, “Ultra-high-quality Two-dimensional Electron Systems,” Nature Materials 20, 632 (2021).
- K. A. Villegas Rosales, P. T. Madathil, Y. J. Chung, L. N. Pfeiffer, K. W. West, K. W. Baldwin, and M. Shayegan, “Fractional Quantum Hall Effect Energy Gaps: Role of Electron Layer Thickness,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 127, 056801 (2021).
- Md. S. Hossain, M. K. Ma, K. A. Villegas-Rosales, Y. J. Chung, L. N. Pfeiffer, K. W. West, K. W. Baldwin, and M. Shayegan, “Spontaneous Valley Polarization of Itinerant Electrons,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 127, 116601 (2021).
Honors and Awards:
- Princeton University Graduate Mentoring Award (2002)
- Alexander von Humboldt Prize (Germany) (2001)
- Fellow of the American Physical Society (1999)
- Alexander von Humboldt Fellowship (Germany) (1997)
- Fulbright Fellowship (Germany) (1993)
- Princeton University Rheinstein Faculty Award (1990)
- Alfred P. Sloan Fellowship (1989)
- IBM Faculty Development Award (1986)
- NSF Presidential Young Investigator Award (1986)